It belongs to the Cheloniidae family and its domain is Chelonia mydas.
Green Sea Turtles are usually found in the subtropical and tropical seas. They live in warm shallow water as they are cold-blooded animals and can not produce heat within the body themselves. They are called by the name Green Sea Turtle because of the fat found in their own body under the carapace. They are reptiles, ancestors of whose used to evolve in the land once and went back to the water for living.
They have a beautiful flat carapace which can be of various colors. Green Sea Turtles need oxygen to keep their physical activities functioning. They generally live under the water most of the time of the lifespan but they come on the sea surface to breathe-in oxygen. Their lungs are developed to provide them with the necessary supports that are needed to dive underwater for quite a long time. They have two big flippers which allows them to swim in the speed of 35 mph.
They have the same enzyme as cattle to digest herbs.
They pass the majority of their lifespan under the sea but female turtles will need to return to the land to lay eggs. Upon maturity, turtles need to perform great migration to lay eggs. Usually male turtles don’t accompany the female turtles while laying eggs. They mate the female turtles offshore. Male turtles try to partner each year but female turtles generally mate every two or three years. It takes approximately 60 days to incubate eggs. The newborn turtles can come out of the eggs and head towards the sea visiting the reflection of moon on the sea water.
This mighty animal generally gets sexually mature at the age of 25 and can live up to 80 years in the wild.
This species has been endangered by numerous natural and human created reasons. Erosion of sea-beaches and reclamation of sea lands hurt their nesting areas. Unplanned tree plantation in the sea beach causes the disruption in the proportion of the female and male turtles because the sex of turtles are determined by the incubator temperature that may be varied with the shade of the trees. Artificial light sources close to the sea shore also hamper the proper hatching procedure. Pollution of water causes some severe diseases into the turtles. It creates tumor which leads to a disease called fibropapillomatosis. In any case, because of being caught by people and eaten by predators like shark, crab, sea fish, birds, they are becoming extinct day by day.